nseg

Topology¶↑

This document describes the construction and manipulation of a stylized topology, which may later be given a 3d shape. For more details and higher level functions, see:

create

Syntax:
create
Description:
This is an nrniv command which creates a list of section names. Existing sections with the same names are destroyed and recreated. The create statement may occur within procedures, but the names must have been previously declared with a create statement at the command level.

Example:

create soma, axon, dend[3]
forall {
print secname()
}


prints the names of all the sections which have been created.

soma
axon
dend[0]
dend[1]
dend[2]


connect

Syntax:

connect section(0or1), x

connect section(0or1), parent(x)

Description:
The first form connects the section at end 0 or 1 to the currently accessed section at position x. An alternative syntax is the second form in which the parent section is explicitly indicated. If a section is connected twice a Notice is printed on the standard error device saying that the section has been reconnected (the last connection takes precedence). To avoid the notice, disconnect the section first with the function disconnect(). If sections are inadvertently connected in a loop, an error will be generated when the internal data structures are created and the user will be required to disconnect one of the sections forming the loop.

Example:

 create soma, axon, dendrite[3]
connect axon(0), soma(0)
soma for i=0,2 {
connect dendrite[i](0), 1
}
topology()
objref s
s = new Shape()


topology()
Syntax:
topology()
Description:
Print the topology of how the sections are connected together.

delete_section()
Syntax:
delete_section()
Description:

Delete the currently accessed section from the main section list which is used in computation. forall delete_section will remove all sections.

Note: deleted sections still exist (even though SectionRef.exists() returns 0 and an error will result if one attempts to access the section) so that other objects (such as SectionLists and Shapes) which hold pointers to these sections will still work. When the last pointer to a section is destroyed, the section memory will be freed.

section_exists()
Syntax:
boolean = section_exists("name", [index], [object])
Description:
Returns 1 if the section defined by the args exists and can be used as a currently accessed section. Otherwise, returns 0. The index is optional and if nonzero, can be incorporated into the name as a literal value such as dend[25]. If the optional object arg is present, that is the context, otherwise the context is the top level. "name" should not contain the object prefix. Even if a section is multiply dimensioned, use a single index value.

section_owner()
Syntax:
section_owner()
Description:
Return the object that created the currently accessed section. If the section was created from the top level, The NULLobject is returned. If the section was created as a Python section and the first constructor arg is a Python object or the keyword argument, cell = ..., is used, a PythonObject wrapper is returned. I.e. in the Python world, it is the Python cell object.

disconnect()
Syntax:
disconnect()
Description:
Disconnect the currently accessed section from its parent. Such a parent can be reconnected with the connect statement.

nseg
Description:

Number of segments (compartments) in the currently accessed section. When a section is created, nseg is 1. In versions prior to 3.2, changing nseg throws away all "inserted" mechanisms including diam (if 3-d points do not exist). PointProcesss, connectivity, L, and 3-d point information remain unchanged.

Starting in version 3.2, a change to nseg re-uses information contained in the old segments.

If nseg is increased, all old segments are relocated to their nearest new locations (no instance variables are modified and no pointers to data in those segments become invalid). and new segments are allocated and given mechanisms and values that are identical to the old segment in which the center of the new segment is located. This means that increasing nseg by an odd factor preserves the locations of all previous data (including all Point Processes) and, if PARAMETER range variables are constant, that all the new segments have the proper PARAMETER values. (It generally doesn't matter that ASSIGNED and STATE values do not get interpolated since those values are computed with fadvance()). If range variables are not constant then the hoc expressions used to set them should be re-executed.

If nseg is decreased then all the new segments are in fact those old segments that were nearest the centers of the new segments. Unused old segments are freed (and thus any existing pointers to variables in those freed segments are invalid). This means that decreasing nseg by an odd factor preserves the locations of all previous data. However POINT PROCESSES not located at the centers of the new segments will be discarded.

The intention is to guarantee that the following sequence

        run() //sim1
forall nseg *= oddfactor
run() //sim2
forall nseg /= oddfactor
run() //sim3


will produce identical simulations for sim1 and sim3. And sim2 will be oddfactor^2 more accurate with regard to spatial discretization error.

issection()
Syntax:
issection("regular expression")
Description:

Return 1 if the currently accessed section matches the regular expression. Return 0 if otherwise.

Regular expressions are like those of grep except {n1-n2} denotes an integer range and [] is literal instead of denoting a character range. For character ranges use <>. For example <a-z> or <abz45> denotes any character from a to z or to any of the characters abz45. Thus a[{8-15}] matches sections a[8] through a[15]. A match always begins from the beginning of a section name. If you don't want to require a match at the beginning use the dot.

(Note, that . matches any character and * matches 0 or more occurrences of the previous character). The interpreter always closes each string with an implicit \$ to require a match at the end of the string. If you don't require a match at the end use ".*".

Example:

create soma, axon, dendrite[3]
forall if (issection("s.*")) {
print secname()
}


will print soma

forall if (issection("d.*2]")) {
print secname()
}


will print dendrite[2]

forall if (issection(".*a.*")) {
print secname()
}


will print all names which contain the letter "a"

soma
axon


ismembrane()
Syntax:
ismembrane("mechanism")
Description:
This function returns a 1 if the current membrane contains this (density) mechanism. This is not for point processes.

Example:

forall if (ismembrane("hh") && ismembrane("ca_ion")) {
print secname()
}


will print the names of all the sections which contain both Hodgkin-Huxley and Calcium ions.

sectionname()
Syntax:
sectionname(strvar)
Description:

The name of the currently accessed section is placed in strvar.

This function is superseded by the easier to use, secname().

secname()
Syntax:
secname()
Description:

Returns the currently accessed section name. Usage is

            strdef s
s = secname()


or

            print secname()


or

            forall for(x) printf("%s(%g)\n", secname(), x)


psection()
Syntax:
psection()
Description:
Print info about currently accessed section in a format which is executable. (length, parent, diameter, membrane information)

parent_section()
Syntax:
parent_section(x)
Description:
Return the pointer to the section parent of the segment containing x. Because a 64 bit pointer cannot safely be represented as a double this function is deprecated in favor of SectionRef.parent().

parent_node()
Syntax:
parent_node(x)
Description:
Return the pointer of the parent of the segment containing x.

Warning

This function is useless and currently returns an error.

parent_connection()
Syntax:
y = parent_connection()
Description:

Return location on parent that currently accessed section is connected to. (0 <= x <= 1). This is the value, y, used in

        connect child(x), parent(y)


section_orientation()
Syntax:
y = section_orientation()
Description:

Return the end (0 or 1) which connects to the parent. This is the value, x, used in

        connect child(x), parent(y)


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